I recently joined my friends at Anthemis – the guys
investing in Fidor, Simple and Moven – for a chat.
They gave me a nice leaflet on the trends in remittances
which I thought worth sharing with y’all, as it’s a great read with many useful
charts and stats.
The first chart shows the growth of remittances …
… with the World Bank estimating that remittances are
growing at 11% CAGR from $234 billion in 2004 to $534 billion in 2012, growing
to $685 billion by 2015.
That does not take account of the informal remittances market
however, such as Hawala, which some estimate would add a further 40% of funds value to this
It’s not surprising that the market is so effervescent when
over 200 million people work in a country they weren’t born in, and over 40 million
immigrants in the USA alone in 2010, accounting for 13% of the population (up
from 11% in 2000).
It is also a market that is seeing big changes thanks to
mobile money transfer, even though costs are still high with an average fee of
9% or higher to make a transfer. This is
down to the domination of the two largest players Western Union and MoneyGram,
who own 20% of the global market.
Western Union’s revenues for 2011 were $5.5 billion,
driven by 510,000 agent locations. MoneyGram’s revenues were $1.2 billion in
2011, with 284,000 agent locations. Ria,
a subsidiary of Euronet, came third with $244.7 million revenues in 2010 and
America is the top remittance sending country, with $52
billion of outbound remittances in 2011.
India is the top receiving country, with $70 billion received in 2012
(estimate) although Tajikistan is the top receiver based upon percentage of
GDP. 47% of Tajikistan’s GDP is based upon
There’s a load more in there, with two great infographics
in the centrefold, but it’s notable that this is all taking place as HSBC and Barclays close down their money transfer network support due to money laundering (I said
they would do this three years ago).
A further drive into Hawala and informal transfers, or an
opportunity for a new mobile money transfer system?
Anyways, here are the two infographics from Anthemis (doubleclick image to enlarge).
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